Wednesday, 29 January 2014

Adi Parvam !! Birth of Yudhishtira, Bhima & Arjun !!

Jai Sriman Narayana !!

The great epic Mahabharath was composed by Maharishi Veda Vyasa/Krishna Dwaipayana, son of Sage Parasara and Sathyavati, a woman from fishermen clan.  Mahabharath describes the legend of Bharatha Dynasty.     It was written in 18 Parva such as Adhi Parva, Sabha Parva, Vana Parva, Virada Parva, Udhyoga Parva, Bhishma Parva, Drona Parva, Karna Parva, Shalya Parva, Soupthika Parva, Stri Parva, Shanthi Parva, Anushasana Parva, Ashwamedha Parva, Ashramavasika Parva, Musala Parva, Mahaprasthanika Parva and Swargarohana Parva and each Parva has divided into many Upaparva and has chapters in detail.    Adhi Parva depicts the life of King Dushyantha and his wife Shakunthala and their son Sarvadhamanan, who was famously known as Bharatha, a righteous ruler of Bharatha Empior.


Lord Brahma created deities, Sages and Prajapathis.  It was the beginning of the growth of human race from the sixty daughters of Daksha Prajapathi.  Pururavass,  Yayathi, Puru,  Dushyantha,  Bharatha, Shanthanu were born in the family of Dithi, one of the daughters of Daksha Prajapathi. 



King Janamejaya, son of King Pareekshit conducted a grand Yagna to please serpent Gods.  There were a huge number of Rishis & Sages were present in the magnificent Yagna, Maharishi Veda Vyasa along with his disciple Rishi Vaishampayana and Sage Ugrasrava Sauti was also amongst them.   Rishi Vaishampayana narrated the stories of Kuru Dynasty to King Janamejaya at the time of Naga Yagna.  Later, this anecdote was described to the Sages and Rishis assembled in Naimisharanya by Sage Sauti, son of Sage Romaharshana/Lomaharshana, disciple of Maharishi Veda Vyasa.


Rishi Vaishampayana narrated the birth of Pandu & Kunthi’s children to King Janamejaya.  Gandhari was pregnant with the child of Drutharashtra for more than a year; it was the instance Kunthi prayed to Lord Dharmaraja at the instruction of her husband, Kunthi sincerely chanted the Hymn received as a boon from Sage Durvassa to obtain progeny.  Lord Dharmaraja appeared before Kunthi at the very moment and enquired her desire, Kunthi sincerely plead to Lord Dharmaraja to have a child like him, who speaks righteousness always.  With the spiritual union of Kunthi and Lord Dharmaraja a stunning child was born in the month of Krithika, with the birth star Jyeshta.  Immediately after the birth of the child, a mysterious voice pronounced that the child born to this virtuous couple shall be known to the entire world for his uprightness, truthfulness and this elder child of Pandu shall be known as Yudhishtira, will be a famous ruler on Earth.


Pandu advised Kunthi to pray for a child who has powerful physical features; a Kshtriya must have strong physique to outshine his enemy.  Kunthi prayed to Lord Vayu to beget a son with the mighty powers of Him.  Shortly, a child was born to this couple with strong arms and powerful physique.  Kunthi received the striking child in her arms with all motherly affection.  Soon, she heard of terrifying voice of tiger, Kunthi rose from the ground without thinking the presence of the child who was fast asleep on her lap.  The child landed on the ground with a sudden thud from the top of the mountain, due to the immensity of the new born the mass of rock turned into wreckage.  Pandu and Kunthi amazed at the enormous strength of their child.  Soon a mysterious voice pronounced that the child born with remarkable strength shall be known as Vrikodhar Bhima.   On the same day, Duryodhana was born to Drutharashtra and Gandhari.



Pandu and Kunthi underwent severe austerities to obtain a virtuous progeny.  Lord Indra was pleased at the dedication of the couple; eventually they attained a child with remarkable prowess and glory.  A stunning child was born to this couple followed by a mysterious voice proclaiming that the child born to them would  be equivalent to Karthavirya in energy and Lord Shiva in prowess; he will spread the glory far and wide, this child would enhance the joy to his parents as  Lord Vishnu to Aditi,  he will held high the grandeur of Kurus and their prosperity amongst other Kingdoms, he will promote the welfare of Brahmin and perform various fire sacrifices, he will gratify Sankara (Lord Shiva) in the Warfield, he will obtain the great weapon Pasupathastra from Lord Shiva, he will spread the glories of Kurus and retrieve fortunes of his clan.  The celestial Gandharvas & Apsaras, Sons of Kadru and Vinatha, Lord Brahma, Saptha Rishis all were assembled to praise the birth of Arjuna (Vibhastu), son of Pritha and Pandu.


The Rishis and Sages chanting the Vedic hymns, Celstials Gandharvas accompanied by Thumburu and Asparas were performed music and dance, Bhimasena & Ugrasena, Urnayus & Anagha, Gopati & Drutharashtra, Suryavarchas,Yugapa & Trinapa, Karshni, Nandi & Chitraratha, Salisirah, Parjanya, Kali, Narada, Vrihatta, Vrihaka, Karala, Brahmacharin, Vahuguna, Suvarna, Viswavasu, Bhumanyu, Suchandra, Sam, Haha, Huhu, Anuchana, Anavadhya, Gunamukhya, Gunavara, Adrika, Soma, Misrakesi, Alambusha, Marichi, Suchika, Vidyutparna, Thilothama, Ambika, Lakshmana, Kshemadevi, Ramba, Manorama, Asita, Suvahu, Supriya, Suvapuh, Pundarika, Sugandha, Surasa, Pramathini, Kamya, Saradhwathi, Menka, Sahajanya, Karnika, Punjikasthala, Ritusthala, Ghritachi, Viswachi, Purvachiti, Umlocha, Pramlocha, Urvasi, Dharti, Aryaman, Mitra, Varuna, Bhaga, Indra, Vivaswat, Pushan, Tvastri, Parjanya or Vishnu, (12) Adityas, Mrigavyadha,Sarpa, Niriti, Ajaikapada, Ahivradhna, Pinakin, Dahana, Iswara, Kapalin, Sthanu, Bhaga (11 Rudras), Ashwini Kumaras (2), Ashtavasus (8), Maruth Ganas, Viswadevas, Sadhyas, Karkotaka, Vasuki, Kacchapa, Kunda, Naga Takshaka, Tarkshya, Arishtanemi, Garuda, Asitadvaja, Aruna and Aruni.    The Rishis and Sages in the woodland witnessed the presence of deities and celestials with their divine power, it brought them in a state of ecstasy eventually it raised the love and affections for the children of Pandu & Kunthi.


Pandu was desired to have more children; he approached Kunthi to invoke deities to have progeny.  Kunthi discouraged Pandu to have fourth child, she advised Pandu about the goodness of a woman prescribed in the scriptures. A woman having relationship with a four different men is called Swairini/heanton, while having physical relationship with the fifth the couple becomes a harlot.
Jai Sriman Narayana !!