Jai Sriman Narayana !!
The great epic Mahabharath was composed by Maharishi Veda Vyasa/Krishna Dwaipayana, son of Sage Parasara and Sathyavati, a woman from fishermen clan. Mahabharath describes the legend of Bharatha Dynasty. It was written in 18 Parva such as Adhi Parva, Sabha Parva, Vana Parva, Virada Parva, Udhyoga Parva, Bhishma Parva, Drona Parva, Karna Parva, Shalya Parva, Soupthika Parva, Stri Parva, Shanthi Parva, Anushasana Parva, Ashwamedha Parva, Ashramavasika Parva, Musala Parva, Mahaprasthanika Parva and Swargarohana Parva and each Parva has divided into many Upaparva and has chapters in detail. Adhi Parva depicts the life of King Dushyantha and his wife Shakunthala and their son Sarvadhamanan, who was famously known as Bharatha, a righteous ruler of Bharatha Empior.
Lord Brahma created deities, Sages and Prajapathis. It was the beginning of the growth of human race from the sixty daughters of Daksha Prajapathi. Pururavass, Yayathi, Puru, Dushyantha, Bharatha, Shanthanu were born in the family of Dithi, one of the daughters of Daksha Prajapathi.
Birth of Drutharashtra, Pandu & Vidur:
Ambika and Ambilika were married to Vichithraveerya, who was seriously ill due to his desecrated behavior; therefore he was incapable to perform any of the royal affairs, eventually he passed away without providing any legal heir to the throne of Hasthinapur. Once again, Sathyavati and Bhishma were horrified at the ill-fated incident and the thought of Hasthinapur will crumple without its ruler. After a series of thought, it was decided that the widows of Vichithraveerya would be able to have children on a source called ‘ Niyoga’ from Maharishi Veda Vyasa, the children born would be treated as the son of Vichithraveerya and legal heir to the throne. There was a custom prevailed in those days that the childless widows of royal family can have child from a Brahmin or any deities in order to protect the Kingdom and its people. Maharishi Veda Vyasa appeared before his mother Sathyavati as promised earlier to be ever present whenever remembered. After listening to his mother, Maharishi Veda Vyasa immersed in a deep thought, Ambika and Ambalika are princess, their desires and expectation will be entirely different from an ascetic, a forest dweller. It’s necessary to have union of souls with identical desire and attitude for the couple to have a virtuous offspring. Maharishi Veda Vyasa approached Ambika, but she was horror-struck seeing an old ascetic and closed her eyes in extreme dislike during their physical relationship. Thus, the child born to this couple was Drutharashtra, a blind. Shortly, Maharishi Vyasa approached Ambalika, she turned out pale seeing her partner and the child born was Pandu. There was a maid servant in the palace received Maharishi Veda Vyasa with utmost reverence, Maharishi was pleased at her hospitality and blessed her with a virtuous and most intelligent child Vidura, an incarnation of Dharmarajan. Years passed by the three children were grown into charming young adults. Drutharashtra was attractive with great physical features and possessed immense strength, he was exceptionally skilled in Astra & Sastra and over ambitious. His irresistible desire to be crowned as the Emperor of Hasthinapur has driven him arrogant and frustrated. Pandu was also equally possessed amazing skills in Astra & Sastra, he was extraordinarily calm and amicable in nature, and he had great respect and love towards his brother Drutharashtra. Vidura was always treated as inferior as he was born to a maid servant in the palace. He was possessed all the virtues and had profound knowledge in Dharma Sastra. Years later, Vidura became the chief in the Ministry of Hasthinapur, determined to reinstate righteousness throughout the great epic.
Previous birth of Vidura :
Sage Mandavya underwent severe austerities and attained remarkable status. Once, the sage was immersed in deep meditation on the river banks. Suddenly, there were a few thieves appeared on the scene were chased by the army of King. The thieves were helpless; they hurriedly put down their baggages contained the stolen items near the Sage and vanished. The army men reached the spot where Sage Mandavya was absorbed in meditation and found the baggage of stolen items. They mistook the Sage as the thief and punished him ruthlessly. They pierced his body with the trident but nothing had happened to Sage Mandavya with his severe austerities. This incident was duly informed to the King who was ruled this city; he rushed to the spot to witness the Sage and begged for forgiveness, eventually released Sage Mandavya from the tip of the trident. Sage Mandavya was furious at the above happening; he was furious about his ill fate and was fuming against Lord Yama/Dharmarajan who is responsible to punish his subjects according to their Karma. Sage Mandavya rushed to Dharmarajan and engaged in a serious debate, questioned him was that fair handling to a person who lived in the constant memories of Lord and searching for salvation. Dharmarajan narrated the childhood pranks of Sage Mandavya, it was his fun activities to kill the flies with sharp nails, and therefore the pains caused to the flies brought the same bad luck to him. Sage Mandavya was not satisfied with the justification given by Dharmarajan and refused to accept, childhood pranks should not be included to declare punishment and those are unacceptable. In a rage Sage Mandavya cursed Dharmarajan to be born on Earth and undergo the agonies and sorrows. Thus, Dharmarajan was born as Vidura to Maharishi Veda Vyasa and the maid servant in the palace of Hasthinapur. Vidura makes every effort to reinstate righteousness throughout the great epic Mahabharath.
Jai Sriman Narayana !!